Gonzales County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 18,628. It is named for its seat, the city of Gonzales.
Green DeWitt's petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas is approved by the Mexican government.
Gonzales is established and named for Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila y Tejas. This group is the first Anglo community west of the Colorado River.
1st - Slavery is abolished in the republic.
2nd - Consequently, those who have been until now considered slaves are free.
3rd - When the circumstances of the treasury may permit, the owners of the slaves will be indemnified in the mode that the laws may provide. And in order that every part of this decree may be fully complied with, let it be printed, published, and circulated.
Given at the Federal Palace of Mexico, the 15th of September, 1829.
Vicente Guerrero To José María Bocanegra
The colony sends delegates to conventions (1832-1835) to discuss disagreements with Mexico.
September - The Mexican government views the conventions as treason. Troops are sent to Gonzales to retrieve the cannon.
October 2 - The Battle of Gonzales becomes the first shots fired in the Texas Revolution. The colonists put up armed resistance, with the cannon pointed at the Mexican troups, and above it a banner proclaiming, “Come and take it”. Commemoration of the event becomes the annual “Come and Take It Festival” .
October 13-December 9 – Siege of Bexar becomes the first major campaign of the Texas Revolution.
Gonzales County is established.
February 23 – Alamo messenger Launcelot Smithers carries to the people of Gonzales, the Colonel William Barret Travis letter stating the enemy is in site and requesting men and provisions.
February 24 – Captain Albert Martin delivers to Smithers in Gonzales the infamous “Victory or Death” Travis letter addressed “To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World” stating the direness of the situation. Smithers then takes the letter to San Felipe , site of the provisional Texas government.
February 27 – The Gonzales Alamo Relief Force of 32 men, lead by Lieutenant George C. Kimble, depart to join the 130 fighters already at the Alamo.
March 1 – The Gonzales “Immortal 32” make their way inside the Alamo.
March 2 - Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico establishes the Republic of Texas.
March 6 - The Alamo falls.
March 13-14 – Widow of Alamo defender Almaron Dickinson, Susanna Dickinson arrives in Gonzales with her daughter Angelina and Colonel Travis’ slave Joe. Uponing hearing the news of the Alamo, Sam Houston orders the town of Gonzales torched to the ground, and establishes his headquarters under a county oak tree.
April 21-22 - Battle of San Jacinto, Antonio López de Santa Anna captured.
May 14 - Santa Anna signs the Treaties of Velasco.
County votes 802-80 in favor of secession from the Union.
February 1 - Texas secedes from the Union
March 2 - Texas joins the Confederate States of America
January 1 – The Emancipation Proclamation.
December - The Confederacy commissions Fort Waul, and constructs it with slave labor.
April 9 – Robert E. Lee formally surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House.
April 15 – President Abraham Lincoln dies of a head wound inflicted by assassin John Wilkes Booth.
June 19 – Major General Gordon Granger arrives in Galveston to enforce the emancipation of all slaves. It is the first time African Americans in Texas know of the Emancipation. The date becomes celebrated annually in Texas as Juneteenth, and later as an official state holiday known as Emancipation Day.
December 6 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits slavery.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,070 square miles (2,771 km²), of which, 1,068 square miles (2,765 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) of it (0. 19%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,628 people, 6,782 households, and 4,876 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 8,194 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72. 25% White, 8. 39% Black or African American, 0. 53% Native American, 0. 26% Asian, 0. 09% Pacific Islander, 16. 48% from other races, and 2. 01% from two or more races. 39. 62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,782 households out of which 34. 20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54. 00% were married couples living together, 12. 30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28. 10% were non-families. 25. 20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14. 30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 69 and the average family size was 3. 21.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28. 00% under the age of 18, 8. 70% from 18 to 24, 25. 70% from 25 to 44, 20. 90% from 45 to 64, and 16. 80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98. 40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95. 00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,368, and the median income for a family was $35,218. Males had a median income of $23,439 versus $17,027 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,269. About 13. 80% of families and 18. 60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23. 60% of those under age 18 and 19. 40% of those age 65 or over.
This county information was provided courtesy of Wikipedia